Many people suffer from burning and itchy eyes. The burning is accompanied either by lacrimation or by an extremely dry eye.
Burning eyes are often accompanied by other symptoms such as dryness, pressure or foreign body sensation in the eye. In this case the eyes, the eyelid or the conjunctiva are often red and itching. The causes of burning eyes are varied.
Causes of burning eyes
Frequently a dry eye (Sicca syndrome) is responsible for burning eyes. Additionally conjunctivitis can cause this symptom. Other potential reasons for burning eyes are:
eye strain and decreased eyelid closure, such as long computer work or long reading
dry heating air
allergy, for example against house dust, animal dander, food or pollen
inflammation of the eyelid or the cornea of the eye
contact of the eye with chlorine or other irritants
injuries to the eye
foreign body in the eye
wearing contact lenses
various medications such as the contraceptive pill, antiallergics, psychotropic drugs, sleeping pills and some antihypertensive drugs
certain internal diseases, e.g. diabetes mellitus, rheumatoid arthritis
Especially when the eyestrain occurs often and long-lasting or in conjunction with other discomfort or pain, you should consult an ophthalmologist. He can find the cause of the symptoms and initiate the right treatment.
Treatment of burning eyes
Depending on the cause, there are different treatments for burning eyes. If you have these symptoms due to long computer work or long reading, have a break regularly. You should take your eyes off the screen or reading at least every ten minutes. Look into the distance, relax and blink to dampen your eyes.
Cold compresses on the eyes, herbal eye drops or an herbal eye bath also offer relaxation. With its Herba-Vision® product line, OmniVision® offers a selection of suitable preparations.
If you suffer from burning eyes in connection with dry eyes, various eye drops that wet the cornea and replace the body's own tears can provide relief. Especially eye drops with hyaluronic acid can be used well tolerated. In addition, artificial tears can replace the tear film and compensate for the fluid balance of the eyes.
Necessarily to the ophthalmologist
In a bacterial conjunctivitis the ophthalmologist will usually prescribe antibiotic eye drops. Viral infections of the conjunctiva cannot be treated causally in most cases. The only exception is the herpes virus, whose proliferation can be inhibited with antiviral drugs such as acyclovir.